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His since-deleted tweet sparked massive backlash. Former US senators Robert Torricelli and David Jolly joined Larry King in discussing how hardball partisanship on Capitol Hill, rather than actual border security qualms, brought the US to the brink of a second shutdown.

With reality now seeming like a Shakespearean comedy, perhaps only comedy can truly bring truth to This week on Redacted Tonight: VIP, we start in Latin America.

In Venezuela, the US is supporting a power-grab against the recently elected leader of the country, President Nicolas Maduro.

Hughes - January 31, Nevertheless, Putin and Bush were said to have established good personal relations. In , the United States withdrew from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in order to move forward with plans for a missile defense system.

Putin called the decision a mistake. Russia strongly opposed the invasion of Iraq , though without exercising its veto in the United Nations Security Council.

In March , the U. Both nations were former Warsaw Pact members. Russia, however, viewed the new system as a potential threat and, in response, tested a long-range intercontinental ballistic missile , the RS , which it claimed could defeat any defense system.

Vladimir Putin warned the U. On June 3, , Putin warned that if the United States built the missile defense system, Russia would consider targeting missiles at Poland and the Czech Republic.

In February , Vladimir Putin said Russia might have to retarget some of its missiles towards the missile defense system: In July , Russia announced that if a U.

The statement from the Russian foreign ministry said, "If an American strategic anti-missile shield starts to be deployed near our borders, we will be forced to react not in a diplomatic fashion but with military-technical means.

On August 14, , the U. In return, the U. The missile battery was to be staffed — at least temporarily — by U. In November , a day after Obama was elected president, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev in his first annual address to the Federal Assembly of Russia announced plans to deploy Iskander short-range missiles to Kaliningrad , near the border with Poland , if the United States went ahead with its European Ballistic Missile Defense System.

In August , United States-Russia bilateral relations became further strained, when Russia and Georgia fought a five-day war over the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

The statement also called on Iran to abandon its nuclear program and to permit foreign inspectors into the country. In March , U.

The gag fell short as the Russian translation on the button was misspelt by the State Department and actually meant "overload" instead of "reset".

After making a few jokes, they decided to press the button anyway. In early July , Obama visited Moscow where he had meetings with president Medvedev and prime minister Putin.

Speaking at the New Economic School Obama told a large gathering, "America wants a strong, peaceful and prosperous Russia.

This belief is rooted in our respect for the Russian people, and a shared history between our nations that goes beyond competition.

In March , the United States and Russia reached an agreement to reduce their stockpiles of nuclear weapons. The agreement cut the number of long-range nuclear weapons held by each side to about 1,, down from the current 1, to 2, set by the Moscow Treaty of On a visit to Moscow in March , U.

By , it was clear that a genuine reset never happened and relations remained sour. Factors in the West included traditional mistrust and fear, an increasing drift away from democracy by Russia, and a demand in Eastern Europe for closer political, economic and military integration with the West.

From Russia factors included a move away from democracy by Putin, expectations of regaining superpower status and the tactic of manipulating trade policies and encouraging divisions within NATO.

Shortly after the election of Putin back to presidency in March , the White House spokesman Jay Carney said United States—Russian cooperation was based on mutual interests.

The Obama administration was criticised for having used the chemical weapons deal as an ineffectual substitute for military action that Obama had promised in the event of use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government.

On a personal level, the relationship between Obama and Putin went on to be characterised by an observer in the following way: On December 14, , U.

On December 28, , Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a bill , widely seen as retaliatory, that banned any United States citizen from adopting children from Russia.

President Obama, two Russian Tu Bear strategic bombers , reportedly equipped with nuclear-tipped cruise missiles, circled the U.

At the end of , Russia announced that a rearmament of the Kozelsk , Novosibirsk, Tagil Rocket divisions with advanced RS Yars intercontinental ballistic missiles was going ahead.

In July , the U. In early June , the U. State Department reported that Russia had failed to correct the violation of the I.

Edward Snowden , a contractor for the United States government, copied and released hundreds of thousands of pages of secret U.

He fled to Hong Kong, and then to Russia where in July he was granted political asylum. He was wanted on a criminal warrant by U.

The granting of asylum further aggravated relations between the two countries and led to the cancellation of a meeting between Obama and Putin that was scheduled for early September in Moscow.

Following the collapse of the Viktor Yanukovych government in Ukraine in February , Russia annexed Crimea on the basis of a controversial referendum held on March 16, At the end of March , U.

In my view, that is a misguided position. I would like to have discussions on a level footing with Russia.

This was a big error in assessment. As unrest spread into eastern Ukraine in the spring of , relations between the U. From March to , six rounds of sanctions were imposed by the US, as well as by the EU, and some other countries allied to the U.

The first three rounds targeted individuals close to Putin by freezing their assets and denying leave to enter. Russia responded by banning import of certain food products as well as by banning entry for certain government officials from the countries that imposed sanctions against Russia.

Due to the situation concerning Ukraine, relations between Russia and the U. Shortly after the start of the Syrian Civil War in the spring of , the U.

On September 30, , Russia began the air campaign in Syria on the side of the Syrian government headed by president Bashar al-Assad of Syria.

In early October , U. Three weeks into the Russian campaign in Syria, on October 20, , Russian president Vladimir Putin met Bashar Assad in Moscow to discuss their joint military campaign and a future political settlement in Syria, according to the Kremlin report of the event.

While one of the original aims of the Russian leadership may have been normalisation of the relationship with the U. Bilateral negotiations over Syria were unilaterally suspended by the U.

S on October 3, , which was presented as the U. In mid-November , shortly after the election of Donald Trump as the U. In his address to the Russian parliament delivered on December 1, , Russian president Putin said this of U.

Mutual efforts by Russia and the United States in solving global and regional problems are in the interest of the entire world.

In early December , the White House said that President Obama had ordered the intelligence agencies to review evidence of Russian interference in the presidential campaign; Eric Schultz, the deputy White House press secretary, denied the review to be led by Director of National Intelligence James R.

Clapper was meant to be "an effort to challenge the outcome of the election". In mid-December , Hillary Clinton suggested that Putin had a personal grudge against her due to her criticism of the Russian legislative election and his opinion that she was responsible for fomenting the anti-Putin protests in Russia that began in December Also in mid-December, President Obama publicly pledged to retaliate for Russian cyberattacks during the U.

For all the outrage voiced by Democrats and Republicans in the past week about the Russian action — with the notable exception of Mr.

Trump, who has dismissed the intelligence findings as politically motivated — it is worth remembering that trying to manipulate elections is a well-honed American art form.

The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year signed into law by president Obama on 23 December , was criticised by the Russian foreign ministry as yet another attempt to "create problems for the incoming Trump administration and complicate its relations on the international stage, as well as to force it to adopt an anti-Russia policy.

At the end of , U. A week after the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, , the U. President Donald Trump had a minute telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin that was hailed by both governments as a step towards improvement of relations between the U.

In early March , the U. On March 25, , the U. The cruise-missile strikes on the Syrian Shayrat Airbase , conducted by the U.

In mid-July , the Russian foreign ministry noted that the staff of the U. Embassy in Moscow , following expulsion of diplomats by the Obama administration in December , far exceeded the number of Russian embassy employees in Washington and indicated that the Russian government was considering retaliatory expulsion of more than thirty-five U.

Russia protested on September 2, , against a search it said U. Although they had no formal meeting they spoke informally several times during the event.

A highly unusual [] unannounced visit to Washington D. Public statements read out by Vladimir Putin on 1 March , days before the presidential election , about missile technology breakthroughs made by Russia, were referred to by the Trump administration officials as largely boastful untruths, as well as confirmation that "Russia ha[d] been developing destabilizing weapons systems for over a decade, in direct violation of its treaty obligations".

Defense Secretary James Mattis remarked that the systems Putin had talked about "[were] still years away" and he did not see them changing the military balance.

In April , US-Russian relations were further exacerbated by missile strikes against the Syrian government targets following the suspected chemical attack in Douma on 7 April.

On June 8, , Trump called for Russia to be readmitted to the G-7 , from which it was expelled after the Russian annexation of Crimea in Congress and a number of former senior intelligence officials as well as some ranking members of the Republican party for appearing to have sided with Putin rather than accepting the findings of Russian interference in the presidential election issued by the United States Intelligence Community.

A poll by the University of Maryland, College Park , released early July found that only 2 percent of Russians had "a lot of confidence" that U. Prior to , the Russian press expressed varying opinions of Russia—United States relations.

The opinion polls taken by the independent Levada Center in January , [] showed 81 percent of Russians tended to hold negative views of the U. The most negative view of Russia was at 19 percent in , and the most positive view at 49 percent in and US public opinion regarding Russia has changed substantially over the past 25 years.

There has also been a change in whether the Americans views Russia as an ally or a threat. Seventy-eight percent of Russians polled said the United States meddles "a great deal" or "a fair amount" in Russian politics, compared to 69 percent of Americans who say the same about Russian interference in U.

The poll found that 31 percent of Russians said Moscow tried to influence U. Only 31 percent of Americans say they hold a positive view of Russia, and 24 percent of Russians say the same of the United States.

Eighty-one percent of Russians said they felt the United States was working to undermine Russia on the world stage; 77 percent of Americans said the same of Russia.

In December , two senior intelligence officials told several U. The officials believe Putin became personally involved after Russia accessed the DNC computers, [7] because such an operation would require high-level government approval.

President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in aimed at the US presidential election. We further assess Putin and the Russian Government developed a clear preference for President-elect Trump.

We have high confidence in these judgments. Putin blamed Clinton for the — mass protests in Russia against his rule, according to the report [13]: Secretary of State at the time.

So it is a very important question for Putin personally. This is a question of national security. Russian officials have strongly denied the allegations each time they surfaced.

The United States Department of State planned to use a unit formed with the intention of combating disinformation from the Russian government , but it was disbanded in September after department heads missed the scope of propaganda before the U.

State Department for the unit prior to its cancellation. Intelligence officials explained to former National Security Agency analyst and counterintelligence officer John R.

Schindler writing in The New York Observer published at the time by Jared Kushner that the Obama Administration decided to cancel the unit, as they were afraid of antagonizing Russia.

Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy Richard Stengel was the point person for the unit before it was canceled. In April , Reuters cited several unnamed U.

The first set of recommendations, issued in June , proposed that Russia support a candidate for U. It supported Trump until October, when another conclusion was made that Hillary Clinton was likely to win, and the strategy should be modified to work to undermine U.

According to a February criminal indictment, [30] more than two years before the election, two Russian women obtained visas for what turned out to be a three-week reconnaissance tour of the United States, including battleground states such as Colorado, Michigan, Nevada and New Mexico, to gather intelligence on American politics.

Another Russian operative visited Atlanta in November on a similar mission. Russian use of social media to disseminate propaganda content was very broad.

Instagram was by far the most used platform, and one that largely remained out of the public eye until late Advertisements bought by Russian operatives for the Facebook social media site are estimated to have reached 10 million users.

But many more Facebook users were contacted by accounts created by Russian actors. Monitoring 7, pro-Trump social media accounts over a two-and-a-half year period, researchers J.

Monitoring news on Twitter directed at one state -- Michigan -- prior to the election, Philip N. Facebook originally denied that fake news on their platform had influenced the election and had insisted it was unaware of any Russian-financed advertisements but later admitted that about million Americans may have seen posts published by Russia-based operatives.

Using malware to explore the computer networks of the DNC and DCCC, [54] they harvested tens of thousands of emails and attachments and deleted computer logs and files to obscure evidence of their activities.

The first tranche of 19, emails and 8, attachments was released on July 22, , three days before the Democratic convention.

The stolen documents effectively distracted media and voter attention from both stories. Stolen emails and documents were given both to platforms created by hackers — a website called DCLeaks and a persona called Guccifer 2.

The Russians registered the domain dcleaks. It initially released 2, of these. The GRU using the names Cozy Bear and Fancy Bear gained access to the computer network of the Democratic National Committee DNC — the formal governing body of the Democratic Party — in July of and maintained it until at least June , [69] [70] when they began leaking the stolen information via the Guccifer 2.

On October 7, , Secretary Johnson and Director Clapper issued a joint statement that the intelligence community is confident the Russian Government directed the recent compromises of e-mails from U.

The indictment describes "a sprawling and sustained cyberattack on at least three hundred people connected to the Democratic Party and the Clinton campaign".

WikiLeaks [99] and its founder Julian Assange [] [] have made a number of statements denying that the Russian government was the source of the material.

Hillary Clinton was not the only democrat attacked. As one Democratic candidate put it, "Our entire internal strategy plan was made public, and suddenly all this material was out there and could be used against me.

They were some of the most competitive House races in the country. On April 20, , the Democratic National Committee filed a civil lawsuit in federal court in New York, accusing the Russian Government, the Trump campaign, WikiLeaks, and others of conspiracy to alter the course of the presidential election and asking for monetary damages and a declaration admitting guilt.

The lawsuit was dismissed by the judge, because New York "does not recognize the specific tort claims pressed in the suit"; the judge did not make a finding on whether there was or was not "collusion between defendants and Russia during the presidential election".

In her analysis of the Russian influence on the election, Kathleen Hall Jamieson [] argues that Russians aligned themselves with the "geographic and demographic objectives" of the Trump campaign, using trolls, social media and hacked information to targeting certain important constituencies.

The Russian Internet Research Agency IRA focused on the culture of Muslims, Christians, Texas, and even LGBTQ , to engage those communities as part of a broader strategy to deepen social and political divisions within the US, but no other group received as much attention as Black Americans , [33] a bloc of voters whose voter turnout was traditionally crucial to the election democrats.

Influence operations included recruiting typically unknowing assets who would stage events and spread content from Russian influencers, spreading videos of police abuse and spreading misleading information about how to vote and who to vote for.

In her analysis of the Russian influence on the election, Kathleen Hall Jamieson [] noted there was reason to believe Donald Trump would under-perform among two normally dependable conservative Republican voting blocs — churchgoing Christians and military service members and their families.

Just ten days before the election, Comey, reopened the investigation after more Clinton e-mails had been found she was cleared again seven days later.

As early as June , the FBI sent a warning to states about "bad actors" probing state-elections systems to seek vulnerabilities. In August , the FBI issued a nationwide "flash alert" warning state election officials about hacking attempts.

Department of Homeland Security officials and the National Association of Secretaries of State announced that hackers had penetrated, or sought to penetrate, the voter-registration systems in more than 20 states over the previous few months.

On September 22, , federal authorities notified the election officials of 21 states that their election systems had been targeted. California Secretary of State Alex Padilla stated that "California voters can further rest assured that the California Secretary of State elections infrastructure and websites were not hacked or breached by Russian cyber actors".

In May , the Senate Intelligence Committee released its interim report on election security. Department of Homeland Security to Russian government-sponsored efforts to undermine confidence in the U.

The committee reported that the Russian government was able to penetrate election systems in at least 18, and possibly up to 21, states, and that in a smaller subset of states, infiltrators "could have altered or deleted voter registration data," although they lacked the ability to manipulate individual votes or vote tallies.

By January , a multi-agency investigation, conducted by the FBI, the CIA , the NSA , the Justice Department , the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network and representatives of the DNI , was underway looking into how the Russian government may have secretly financed efforts to help Trump win the election had been conducted over several months by six federal agencies.

By January , the FBI was investigating the possible funneling of illegal money by Aleksandr Torshin , a deputy governor of the Central Bank of Russia , through the National Rifle Association , which was then used to help Donald Trump win the presidency.

The subunits within the organization which made the donations are not generally required to disclose their donors. Torshin met with Donald Trump, Jr.

Maria Butina , a Russian anti-gun control activist who has served as a special assistant to Torshin and came to the U. In part because U.

From late until the summer of , during routine surveillance of Russians, several countries discovered interactions between the Trump campaign and Moscow.

Brennan directly to give him information. Intelligence Community had concluded, in a consensus view, that Russia conducted operations to assist Donald Trump in winning the presidency, stating that "individuals with connections to the Russian government", previously known to the intelligence community, had given WikiLeaks hacked emails from the DNC and John Podesta.

An earlier event investigated by the FBI was a May meeting between the Donald Trump campaign foreign policy advisor, George Papadopoulos , and Alexander Downer in a London wine bar, where Papadopoulos disclosed his inside knowledge of a large trove of Hillary Clinton emails that could potentially damage her campaign.

On December 29, , the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security DHS released an unclassified report [87] that gave new technical details regarding methods used by Russian intelligence services for affecting the U.

The report included malware samples and other technical details as evidence that the Russian government had hacked the Democratic National Committee.

On March 20, , during public testimony to the House Intelligence Committee, FBI director James Comey confirmed the existence of an FBI investigation into Russian interference and Russian links to the Trump campaign, including the question of whether there had been any coordination between the campaign and the Russians.

The statement also noted that the Russians have used similar tactics and techniques across Europe and Eurasia to influence public opinion there.

On December 29, , DHS and FBI released a Joint Analysis Report JAR which further expands on that statement by providing details of the tools and infrastructure used by Russian intelligence services to compromise and exploit networks and infrastructure associated with the recent U.

On January 6, , after briefing the president, the president-elect, and members of the Senate and House, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence ODNI released a de-classified version of the report on Russian activities.

On March 5, , James Clapper said, in an interview with Chuck Todd on Meet the Press that, regarding the January Intelligence Community Assessment, their report did not have evidence of collusion.

Priestap , the assistant director of the FBI Counterintelligence Division , told the PBS Newshour program that Russian intelligence "used fake news and propaganda and they also used online amplifiers to spread the information to as many people as possible" during the election.

In testimony to the Senate Intelligence Committee on June 8, [] former FBI Director James Comey said he had "no doubt" that Russia interfered in the election and that the interference was a hostile act.

Something about the way I was conducting it, the president felt, created pressure on him he wanted to relieve. Members of the U.

Senate Intelligence Committee traveled to Ukraine and Poland in and learned about Russian operations to influence their elections.

Senator McCain called for a special select committee of the U. Senate to investigate Russian meddling in the election, [] [] and called election meddling an "act of war".

The Senate Intelligence Committee began work on its bipartisan inquiry in January In May , the Senate Intelligence Committee released the interim findings of their bipartisan investigation, finding that Russia interfered in the election with the goal of helping Trump gain the presidency, stating: The Russian effort was extensive, sophisticated, and ordered by President Putin himself for the purpose of helping Donald Trump and hurting Hillary Clinton.

The Senate Intelligence Committee commissioned two reports that extensively described the Russian campaign to influence social media during the election.

The Senate Intelligence Committee launched its own parallel probe in January as well. On February 24, , Republican Congressman Darrell Issa called for a special prosecutor to investigate whether Russia meddled with the U.

On April 6, , Republican committee chairman Devin Nunes temporarily recused himself from the investigation after the House Ethics Committee announced that it would investigate accusations that he had disclosed classified information without authorization.

He was replaced by Representative Mike Conaway. President Obama and Vladimir Putin had a discussion about computer security issues in September , which took place over the course of an hour and a half.

Obama emphasized the gravity of the situation by telling Putin: On December 9, , Obama ordered the U. Intelligence Community to investigate Russian interference in the election and report before he left office on January 20, Homeland Security Advisor and chief counterterrorism advisor to the president Lisa Monaco announced the study, and said foreign intrusion into a U.

Intelligence Community [] that Russia used cyberattacks to influence the election. Obama said the U. In the last days of the Obama administration, officials pushed as much raw intelligence as possible into analyses and attempted to keep reports at relatively low classification levels as part of an effort to widen their visibility across the federal government.

The information was filed in many locations within federal agencies as a precaution against future concealment or destruction of evidence in the event of any investigation.

On December 29, , the U. Initially Putin refrained from retaliatory measures to the December 29 sanctions and invited all the children of the U.

He did reserved the right to respond adequately and stated that steps for restoring Russian-American relations would be built on the basis of the policies developed by the Trump administration.

House of Representatives in July [] and passed in the house on July 25, with votes in favor and 3 against.

Although Trump faced an overide if he vetoed the bill and Trump signed it into law he issued a statements saying: In its haste to pass this legislation, the Congress included a number of clearly unconstitutional provisions.

The law forbids the president from lifting earlier sanctions without first consulting Congress, giving them time to reverse such a move.

Embassy in Moscow far exceeded the number of Russian embassy employees in Washington. President Trump has asserted that "the Russians had no impact on our votes whatsoever", [] and Vice President Pence has claimed "it is the universal conclusion of our intelligence communities that none of those efforts had any impact on the outcome of the election.

On the other hand, a number of former intelligence and law enforcement officials, as well as political scientists, argue that Russian interference was decisive because of the sophistication of the Russian propaganda on social media, the hacking of Democratic Party emails and the timing of their public release, the small shift in voter support needed to achieve victory in the electoral college, and the relatively high number of undecided voters who may be more readily influenced.

I think the Russians had more to do with making Clinton lose than Trump did". I believe Trump would not have even been within striking distance of Clinton on Election Day.

I was fired in some way to change, or the endeavor was to change, the way the Russia investigation was being conducted.

Trump stated, "I just fired the head of the F. He was crazy, a real nut job I faced great pressure because of Russia.

Mueller assembled a legal team. There have been multiple reports that senior White House officials, and Trump himself, asked intelligence officials if they could intervene with the FBI to stop the investigation into former National Security Advisor Michael Flynn.

ABC News clarified in June that the special counsel is gathering preliminary information about possible obstruction of justice by the President, but a full-scale investigation has not yet been launched.

In October Trump campaign adviser George Papadopoulos pleaded guilty earlier in the month to making a false statement to FBI investigators about his connections to Russia.

His plea agreement said a Russian operative had told a campaign aide "the Russians had emails of Clinton". Papadopoulos agreed to cooperate with prosecutors as part of the plea bargain.

Later that month, former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort surrendered to the FBI after being indicted on multiple charges.

Manafort was charged with four counts of failing to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts while Gates was charged with three. On February 16, , a Federal grand jury in Washington, D.

Lawyers representing Concord Management and Consulting appeared on May 9, , in federal court in Washington, to plead not guilty to the charges.

On July 13, , Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein released indictments returned by a grand jury charging twelve Russian intelligence officials, who work for the Russian intelligence agency GRU , with conspiring to interfere in the elections.

In one unidentified state, the Russians stole information on half a million voters. The indictment also said that a Republican congressional candidate, also unidentified, was sent campaign documents stolen by the group, and that a reporter was in contact with the Russian operatives and offered to write an article to coincide with the release of the stolen documents.

In March , Anastasia Vashukevich , a Belarusian national arrested in Thailand, said that she had over 16 hours of audio recordings that could shed light on possible Russian interference in American elections.

She offered the recordings to American authorities in exchange for asylum, to avoid being extradited to Belarus.

She said some of the recorded conversations, which she asserted were made in August , included three individuals who spoke fluent English and who she believed were Americans.

In the video, Navalny claims Deripaska served as a liaison between the Russian government and Paul Manafort in connection with Russian interference efforts.

During the course of the presidential campaign and up to his inauguration, Donald J. Trump and at least 17 campaign officials and advisers had numerous contacts with Russian nationals, with WikiLeaks, or with intermediaries between the two.

As of January 28, The New York Times had tallied over in-person meetings, phone calls, text messages, emails and private messages on Twitter between the Trump and campaign officials or advisers and Russians or wikileaks.

In spring of , U. American intelligence agencies also intercepted communications of Russian officials, some of them within the Kremlin, discussing contacts with Trump associates.

In particular, Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak has met several Trump campaign members and administration nominees; the people involved have dismissed those meetings as routine conversations in preparation for assuming the presidency.

Later that year, in phone calls intercepted by U. On December 29, , the day that President Obama announced sanctions against Russia, Flynn discussed the sanctions with Kislyak, urging that Russia not retaliate.

Two days later, acting Attorney General Sally Yates informed the White House that Flynn was "compromised" by the Russians and possibly open to blackmail.

On December 1, , Flynn pleaded guilty to a single felony count of making "false, fictitious and fraudulent statements" to the FBI about his conversations with Kislyak.

In March Donald Trump named George Papadopoulos , an oil, gas, and policy consultant, as an unpaid foreign policy advisor to his campaign. Shortly thereafter Papadopoulos was approached by Joseph Mifsud , a London-based professor with connections to high-ranking Russian officials.

Crossfire Hurricane, [] [] which has been criticized by Trump as a "witch hunt. In June , Donald Trump Jr. In his confirmation hearings, Sessions testified that he "did not have communications with the Russians".

Campaign chairman Paul Manafort had repeated contacts with senior Russian intelligence officials during Manafort said he did not knowingly meet any Russian intelligence officials.

Roger Stone , a former adviser to Donald Trump and business partner of Paul Manafort, stated that he had been in contact with Guccifer 2.

In June Stone disclosed that he had met with a Russian individual during the campaign, who wanted Trump to pay 2 million dollars for "dirt on Hillary Clinton".

Oil industry consultant Carter Page had his communications monitored by the FBI under a FISA warrant beginning in , [] and again beginning in October , [] after he was suspected of acting as an agent for Russia.

Page told The Washington Post that he considered that to be "unjustified, politically motivated government surveillance". On January 11, , UAE officials organized a meeting in the Seychelles between Erik Prince , the founder of the Blackwater security company and a Trump campaign donor, and an unnamed Russian "close to Vladimir Putin".

However, the Trump administration provided a different explanation, saying it was a diplomatic meeting. In May longtime Republican operative Peter W.

He was shown some information but was not convinced it was genuine, and suggested the hackers give it to WikiLeaks instead.

He did not know the identities of the ultimate clients. His reports, based in part on information provided by Russian sources, included alleged kompromat that may make Trump vulnerable to blackmail from Russia.

However, officials would not say exactly what or how much was actually corroborated. On December 15, , Hillary Clinton said she partially attributed her loss in the election to Russian meddling organized by Putin.

Secretary of State that Putin rigged the elections that year, to his actions in the U. The RNC said there was no intrusion into its servers, while acknowledging email accounts of individual Republicans including Colin Powell were breached.

In September , during the first presidential debate , Trump said he doubted whether anyone knew who hacked the DNC, and disputed Russian interference.

Trump denied these conclusions "based on absolutely nothing. That he would so aggressively fight to clear Putin and cast aspersions on all Western intelligence agencies, left the British officials slack-jawed.

On January 6, , after meeting with members of U. In the same statement, he vowed to form a national cybersecurity task force to prepare an anti-hacking plan within 90 days of taking office.

President Trump has asserted that "the Online casino new uk had no impact on xxxl casino primera division spielplan whatsoever", [] and Sloto cash casino bonus codes 2019 President Pence has claimed "it is the universal casino galicien of our intelligence communities that none of those efforts had any impact on the outcome of the election. Factors in the West included traditional mistrust and 2te liga england an increasing drift away from democracy by Russia, and a demand in Eastern Europe for closer political, economic and military integration with the West. In Maythe Senate Intelligence Committee released its interim report on election security. Torshin met with Donald Trump, Jr. Retrieved September 29, Yggdrasil online casinos operatives reportedly bragged that they could use Mike Flynn to get to the White House". Brennan directly to give him information. The subunits within the botmail which made the donations are not generally required to disclose their donors. He was shown some information deutschland gegen frankreich em 2019 was not convinced it was genuine, and suggested the hackers give it to WikiLeaks instead. In part because U. Retrieved May 2, Secretary of State at the time.

On September 22, , federal authorities notified the election officials of 21 states that their election systems had been targeted. California Secretary of State Alex Padilla stated that "California voters can further rest assured that the California Secretary of State elections infrastructure and websites were not hacked or breached by Russian cyber actors".

In May , the Senate Intelligence Committee released its interim report on election security. Department of Homeland Security to Russian government-sponsored efforts to undermine confidence in the U.

The committee reported that the Russian government was able to penetrate election systems in at least 18, and possibly up to 21, states, and that in a smaller subset of states, infiltrators "could have altered or deleted voter registration data," although they lacked the ability to manipulate individual votes or vote tallies.

By January , a multi-agency investigation, conducted by the FBI, the CIA , the NSA , the Justice Department , the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network and representatives of the DNI , was underway looking into how the Russian government may have secretly financed efforts to help Trump win the election had been conducted over several months by six federal agencies.

By January , the FBI was investigating the possible funneling of illegal money by Aleksandr Torshin , a deputy governor of the Central Bank of Russia , through the National Rifle Association , which was then used to help Donald Trump win the presidency.

The subunits within the organization which made the donations are not generally required to disclose their donors.

Torshin met with Donald Trump, Jr. Maria Butina , a Russian anti-gun control activist who has served as a special assistant to Torshin and came to the U.

In part because U. From late until the summer of , during routine surveillance of Russians, several countries discovered interactions between the Trump campaign and Moscow.

Brennan directly to give him information. Intelligence Community had concluded, in a consensus view, that Russia conducted operations to assist Donald Trump in winning the presidency, stating that "individuals with connections to the Russian government", previously known to the intelligence community, had given WikiLeaks hacked emails from the DNC and John Podesta.

An earlier event investigated by the FBI was a May meeting between the Donald Trump campaign foreign policy advisor, George Papadopoulos , and Alexander Downer in a London wine bar, where Papadopoulos disclosed his inside knowledge of a large trove of Hillary Clinton emails that could potentially damage her campaign.

On December 29, , the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security DHS released an unclassified report [87] that gave new technical details regarding methods used by Russian intelligence services for affecting the U.

The report included malware samples and other technical details as evidence that the Russian government had hacked the Democratic National Committee.

On March 20, , during public testimony to the House Intelligence Committee, FBI director James Comey confirmed the existence of an FBI investigation into Russian interference and Russian links to the Trump campaign, including the question of whether there had been any coordination between the campaign and the Russians.

The statement also noted that the Russians have used similar tactics and techniques across Europe and Eurasia to influence public opinion there.

On December 29, , DHS and FBI released a Joint Analysis Report JAR which further expands on that statement by providing details of the tools and infrastructure used by Russian intelligence services to compromise and exploit networks and infrastructure associated with the recent U.

On January 6, , after briefing the president, the president-elect, and members of the Senate and House, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence ODNI released a de-classified version of the report on Russian activities.

On March 5, , James Clapper said, in an interview with Chuck Todd on Meet the Press that, regarding the January Intelligence Community Assessment, their report did not have evidence of collusion.

Priestap , the assistant director of the FBI Counterintelligence Division , told the PBS Newshour program that Russian intelligence "used fake news and propaganda and they also used online amplifiers to spread the information to as many people as possible" during the election.

In testimony to the Senate Intelligence Committee on June 8, [] former FBI Director James Comey said he had "no doubt" that Russia interfered in the election and that the interference was a hostile act.

Something about the way I was conducting it, the president felt, created pressure on him he wanted to relieve. Members of the U.

Senate Intelligence Committee traveled to Ukraine and Poland in and learned about Russian operations to influence their elections.

Senator McCain called for a special select committee of the U. Senate to investigate Russian meddling in the election, [] [] and called election meddling an "act of war".

The Senate Intelligence Committee began work on its bipartisan inquiry in January In May , the Senate Intelligence Committee released the interim findings of their bipartisan investigation, finding that Russia interfered in the election with the goal of helping Trump gain the presidency, stating: The Russian effort was extensive, sophisticated, and ordered by President Putin himself for the purpose of helping Donald Trump and hurting Hillary Clinton.

The Senate Intelligence Committee commissioned two reports that extensively described the Russian campaign to influence social media during the election.

The Senate Intelligence Committee launched its own parallel probe in January as well. On February 24, , Republican Congressman Darrell Issa called for a special prosecutor to investigate whether Russia meddled with the U.

On April 6, , Republican committee chairman Devin Nunes temporarily recused himself from the investigation after the House Ethics Committee announced that it would investigate accusations that he had disclosed classified information without authorization.

He was replaced by Representative Mike Conaway. President Obama and Vladimir Putin had a discussion about computer security issues in September , which took place over the course of an hour and a half.

Obama emphasized the gravity of the situation by telling Putin: On December 9, , Obama ordered the U. Intelligence Community to investigate Russian interference in the election and report before he left office on January 20, Homeland Security Advisor and chief counterterrorism advisor to the president Lisa Monaco announced the study, and said foreign intrusion into a U.

Intelligence Community [] that Russia used cyberattacks to influence the election. Obama said the U. In the last days of the Obama administration, officials pushed as much raw intelligence as possible into analyses and attempted to keep reports at relatively low classification levels as part of an effort to widen their visibility across the federal government.

The information was filed in many locations within federal agencies as a precaution against future concealment or destruction of evidence in the event of any investigation.

On December 29, , the U. Initially Putin refrained from retaliatory measures to the December 29 sanctions and invited all the children of the U.

He did reserved the right to respond adequately and stated that steps for restoring Russian-American relations would be built on the basis of the policies developed by the Trump administration.

House of Representatives in July [] and passed in the house on July 25, with votes in favor and 3 against. Although Trump faced an overide if he vetoed the bill and Trump signed it into law he issued a statements saying: In its haste to pass this legislation, the Congress included a number of clearly unconstitutional provisions.

The law forbids the president from lifting earlier sanctions without first consulting Congress, giving them time to reverse such a move. Embassy in Moscow far exceeded the number of Russian embassy employees in Washington.

President Trump has asserted that "the Russians had no impact on our votes whatsoever", [] and Vice President Pence has claimed "it is the universal conclusion of our intelligence communities that none of those efforts had any impact on the outcome of the election.

On the other hand, a number of former intelligence and law enforcement officials, as well as political scientists, argue that Russian interference was decisive because of the sophistication of the Russian propaganda on social media, the hacking of Democratic Party emails and the timing of their public release, the small shift in voter support needed to achieve victory in the electoral college, and the relatively high number of undecided voters who may be more readily influenced.

I think the Russians had more to do with making Clinton lose than Trump did". I believe Trump would not have even been within striking distance of Clinton on Election Day.

I was fired in some way to change, or the endeavor was to change, the way the Russia investigation was being conducted.

Trump stated, "I just fired the head of the F. He was crazy, a real nut job I faced great pressure because of Russia.

Mueller assembled a legal team. There have been multiple reports that senior White House officials, and Trump himself, asked intelligence officials if they could intervene with the FBI to stop the investigation into former National Security Advisor Michael Flynn.

ABC News clarified in June that the special counsel is gathering preliminary information about possible obstruction of justice by the President, but a full-scale investigation has not yet been launched.

In October Trump campaign adviser George Papadopoulos pleaded guilty earlier in the month to making a false statement to FBI investigators about his connections to Russia.

His plea agreement said a Russian operative had told a campaign aide "the Russians had emails of Clinton". Papadopoulos agreed to cooperate with prosecutors as part of the plea bargain.

Later that month, former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort surrendered to the FBI after being indicted on multiple charges. Manafort was charged with four counts of failing to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts while Gates was charged with three.

On February 16, , a Federal grand jury in Washington, D. Lawyers representing Concord Management and Consulting appeared on May 9, , in federal court in Washington, to plead not guilty to the charges.

On July 13, , Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein released indictments returned by a grand jury charging twelve Russian intelligence officials, who work for the Russian intelligence agency GRU , with conspiring to interfere in the elections.

In one unidentified state, the Russians stole information on half a million voters. The indictment also said that a Republican congressional candidate, also unidentified, was sent campaign documents stolen by the group, and that a reporter was in contact with the Russian operatives and offered to write an article to coincide with the release of the stolen documents.

In March , Anastasia Vashukevich , a Belarusian national arrested in Thailand, said that she had over 16 hours of audio recordings that could shed light on possible Russian interference in American elections.

She offered the recordings to American authorities in exchange for asylum, to avoid being extradited to Belarus.

She said some of the recorded conversations, which she asserted were made in August , included three individuals who spoke fluent English and who she believed were Americans.

In the video, Navalny claims Deripaska served as a liaison between the Russian government and Paul Manafort in connection with Russian interference efforts.

During the course of the presidential campaign and up to his inauguration, Donald J. Trump and at least 17 campaign officials and advisers had numerous contacts with Russian nationals, with WikiLeaks, or with intermediaries between the two.

As of January 28, The New York Times had tallied over in-person meetings, phone calls, text messages, emails and private messages on Twitter between the Trump and campaign officials or advisers and Russians or wikileaks.

In spring of , U. American intelligence agencies also intercepted communications of Russian officials, some of them within the Kremlin, discussing contacts with Trump associates.

In particular, Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak has met several Trump campaign members and administration nominees; the people involved have dismissed those meetings as routine conversations in preparation for assuming the presidency.

Later that year, in phone calls intercepted by U. On December 29, , the day that President Obama announced sanctions against Russia, Flynn discussed the sanctions with Kislyak, urging that Russia not retaliate.

Two days later, acting Attorney General Sally Yates informed the White House that Flynn was "compromised" by the Russians and possibly open to blackmail.

On December 1, , Flynn pleaded guilty to a single felony count of making "false, fictitious and fraudulent statements" to the FBI about his conversations with Kislyak.

In March Donald Trump named George Papadopoulos , an oil, gas, and policy consultant, as an unpaid foreign policy advisor to his campaign.

Shortly thereafter Papadopoulos was approached by Joseph Mifsud , a London-based professor with connections to high-ranking Russian officials.

Crossfire Hurricane, [] [] which has been criticized by Trump as a "witch hunt. In June , Donald Trump Jr. In his confirmation hearings, Sessions testified that he "did not have communications with the Russians".

Campaign chairman Paul Manafort had repeated contacts with senior Russian intelligence officials during Manafort said he did not knowingly meet any Russian intelligence officials.

Roger Stone , a former adviser to Donald Trump and business partner of Paul Manafort, stated that he had been in contact with Guccifer 2.

In June Stone disclosed that he had met with a Russian individual during the campaign, who wanted Trump to pay 2 million dollars for "dirt on Hillary Clinton".

Oil industry consultant Carter Page had his communications monitored by the FBI under a FISA warrant beginning in , [] and again beginning in October , [] after he was suspected of acting as an agent for Russia.

Page told The Washington Post that he considered that to be "unjustified, politically motivated government surveillance". On January 11, , UAE officials organized a meeting in the Seychelles between Erik Prince , the founder of the Blackwater security company and a Trump campaign donor, and an unnamed Russian "close to Vladimir Putin".

However, the Trump administration provided a different explanation, saying it was a diplomatic meeting. In May longtime Republican operative Peter W.

He was shown some information but was not convinced it was genuine, and suggested the hackers give it to WikiLeaks instead. He did not know the identities of the ultimate clients.

His reports, based in part on information provided by Russian sources, included alleged kompromat that may make Trump vulnerable to blackmail from Russia.

However, officials would not say exactly what or how much was actually corroborated. On December 15, , Hillary Clinton said she partially attributed her loss in the election to Russian meddling organized by Putin.

Secretary of State that Putin rigged the elections that year, to his actions in the U. The RNC said there was no intrusion into its servers, while acknowledging email accounts of individual Republicans including Colin Powell were breached.

In September , during the first presidential debate , Trump said he doubted whether anyone knew who hacked the DNC, and disputed Russian interference.

Trump denied these conclusions "based on absolutely nothing. That he would so aggressively fight to clear Putin and cast aspersions on all Western intelligence agencies, left the British officials slack-jawed.

On January 6, , after meeting with members of U. In the same statement, he vowed to form a national cybersecurity task force to prepare an anti-hacking plan within 90 days of taking office.

He said he absolutely did not meddle in our election. Every time he sees me he says: In an interview on February 14, , Pence said, "Irrespective of efforts that were made in by foreign powers, it is the universal conclusion of our intelligence communities that none of those efforts had any impact on the outcome of the election.

We take that very seriously. They wrote that intelligence officials were motivated to defend U. A January report by the Director of National Intelligence said that the intelligence community did "not make an assessment of the impact that Russian activities had on the outcome of the election".

Despite this, CIA Director Mike Pompeo claimed that "the Russian meddling that took place did not affect the outcome of the election" at an event hosted by the Foundation for Defense of Democracies on October 19, CIA agency spokesman Dean Boyd withdrew his remarks the next day stating that they were made in error.

On December 10, , ten electors , headed by Christine Pelosi , daughter of former United States Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi D-CA , wrote an open letter to the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper demanding an intelligence briefing on investigations into foreign intervention in the presidential election.

The Russian government initially issued categorical denials of any involvement in the U. When a new intelligence report surfaced in December , Sergey Lavrov , Foreign Minister of Russia , rejected the accusations again.

Democratic Party of scapegoating Russia after losing the presidential election. In June , Putin told journalists in St.

Petersburg that "patriotically minded" Russian hackers could have been responsible for the cyberattacks against the U.

In a March interview, Putin suggested that " Ukrainians , Tatars or Jews" rather than ethnic Russians were to blame for interfering with U.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Timeline of Russian interference in the United States elections. This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably.

The readable prose size is kilobytes. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding or removing subheadings.

President of the United States. Business projects in Russia Election interference timeline Links of associates with Russian officials Steele dossier Trump Tower meeting Wiretapping allegations Classified information disclosure Special Counsel investigation Russian Institute for Strategic Studies.

Internet Research Agency Indictment. Democratic National Committee v. Timeline of investigations into Trump and Russia Dismissal of James Comey.

Special Counsel investigation —present. Links between Trump associates and Russian officials. Intelligence portal Russia portal United States portal.

The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved August 16, The New York Times. Retrieved February 2, Putin just admitted that he did". Retrieved December 16, Retrieved December 15, More details on U.

Retrieved December 15, — via YouTube. Putin Personally Involved in U. Retrieved December 14, The named reference whitehouseputin was invoked but never defined see the help page.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Archived from the original on April 13, Retrieved May 9, Retrieved June 24, Retrieved July 29, I wanted Trump to win the election".

Retrieved 24 January Retrieved November 29, Retrieved November 28, United States Department of State. Archived from the original on May 2, Putin-linked think tank drew up plan to sway U.

Retrieved April 20, Retrieved April 22, Retrieved April 21, Retrieved February 17, Retrieved 10 January Retrieved August 27, Retrieved 3 January Retrieved December 2, Retrieved November 24, Retrieved December 1, War on the Rocks.

Retrieved December 6, Retrieved September 6, Retrieved September 7, Retrieved June 10, Retrieved 27 December Russia did interfere in election".

Retrieved October 18, Retrieved November 3, Retrieved 18 January Retrieved December 23, Retrieved July 14, Retrieved January 25, Department Of Homeland Security.

Retrieved 27 January WikiLeaks dumped Podesta emails hour after Trump video surfaced". Retrieved 29 January Retrieved July 26, Retrieved July 25, Retrieved July 30, Intrusion into the Democratic National Committee".

Retrieved December 24, Retrieved January 8, Russian hackers Cozy Bear and Fancy Bear behind breach". How Russian Cyberpower Invaded the U.

S" — via NYTimes. Retrieved January 2, Retrieved January 23, A look at the established facts". Retrieved December 31, Department of Homeland Security.

This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Retrieved August 6, Retrieved 2 January Retrieved December 10, Retrieved February 12, Retrieved 5 January Retrieved December 12, Tau, Byron September 14, The Wall Street Journal.

Retrieved December 11, Retrieved March 6, Sanger July 27, Retrieved February 21, Critics savage Trump over Russia hack comments". Retrieved February 26, Russia remarks on Clinton emails were sarcasm".

The Des Moines Register. Retrieved 27 December — via slideshare. Retrieved 7 January Four for College, One for Bad Feet".

Retrieved 11 January Retrieved 22 January Hackers targeted voter registration systems of 20 states , Associated Press September 30, Retrieved September 22, Retrieved October 2, Retrieved September 30, Retrieved January 20, Retrieved January 19, Retrieved May 29, Archived from the original on February 22, Retrieved April 8, Archived from the original on July 15, Archived from the original on July 17, Retrieved July 16, Retrieved April 13, The CIA caught him doing just that".

Retrieved May 30, Bush declared the Cold War over at the Malta Summit. Communism collapsed in Russia and Gorbachev was out.

Boris Yeltsin became president of Russia and sought American aid in making urgent reforms. Clinton believed that NATO would provide a stabilizing influence on these countries.

NATO had been created as a bloc in opposition to the Soviet Union, and many Russian leaders felt threatened by the expansion of the military alliance.

Upon taking office, Clinton cultivated a close relationship with Russian President Boris Yeltsin , and he had convinced Yeltsin to play a role in enforcing the Dayton Agreement in Bosnia.

Clinton tried to help Yeltsin avoid an economic depression and reform the Russian economy. He quietly heped Yeltin win reelection in , and beat back the resurgence of communism in Russia.

He helped Russia gain acceptance into the Group of Eight G8. Relations between Russia and the U. It was argued Yeltsin won the Russian presidential election thanks to the extensive assistance provided by the team of media and PR experts from the United States.

They also detailed the extent of their collaboration with the Clinton White House. During the first presidencies of Vladimir Putin , who assumed the top office, first as acting president, on the last day of , and United States president George W.

Bush , the United States and Russia began to have serious disagreements. Under Putin, Russia became more assertive in international affairs; under Bush, the U.

The Russian leadership blamed U. Nevertheless, Putin and Bush were said to have established good personal relations. In , the United States withdrew from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in order to move forward with plans for a missile defense system.

Putin called the decision a mistake. Russia strongly opposed the invasion of Iraq , though without exercising its veto in the United Nations Security Council.

In March , the U. Both nations were former Warsaw Pact members. Russia, however, viewed the new system as a potential threat and, in response, tested a long-range intercontinental ballistic missile , the RS , which it claimed could defeat any defense system.

Vladimir Putin warned the U. On June 3, , Putin warned that if the United States built the missile defense system, Russia would consider targeting missiles at Poland and the Czech Republic.

In February , Vladimir Putin said Russia might have to retarget some of its missiles towards the missile defense system: In July , Russia announced that if a U.

The statement from the Russian foreign ministry said, "If an American strategic anti-missile shield starts to be deployed near our borders, we will be forced to react not in a diplomatic fashion but with military-technical means.

On August 14, , the U. In return, the U. The missile battery was to be staffed — at least temporarily — by U. In November , a day after Obama was elected president, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev in his first annual address to the Federal Assembly of Russia announced plans to deploy Iskander short-range missiles to Kaliningrad , near the border with Poland , if the United States went ahead with its European Ballistic Missile Defense System.

In August , United States-Russia bilateral relations became further strained, when Russia and Georgia fought a five-day war over the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

The statement also called on Iran to abandon its nuclear program and to permit foreign inspectors into the country. In March , U. The gag fell short as the Russian translation on the button was misspelt by the State Department and actually meant "overload" instead of "reset".

After making a few jokes, they decided to press the button anyway. In early July , Obama visited Moscow where he had meetings with president Medvedev and prime minister Putin.

Speaking at the New Economic School Obama told a large gathering, "America wants a strong, peaceful and prosperous Russia. This belief is rooted in our respect for the Russian people, and a shared history between our nations that goes beyond competition.

In March , the United States and Russia reached an agreement to reduce their stockpiles of nuclear weapons.

The agreement cut the number of long-range nuclear weapons held by each side to about 1,, down from the current 1, to 2, set by the Moscow Treaty of On a visit to Moscow in March , U.

By , it was clear that a genuine reset never happened and relations remained sour. Factors in the West included traditional mistrust and fear, an increasing drift away from democracy by Russia, and a demand in Eastern Europe for closer political, economic and military integration with the West.

From Russia factors included a move away from democracy by Putin, expectations of regaining superpower status and the tactic of manipulating trade policies and encouraging divisions within NATO.

Shortly after the election of Putin back to presidency in March , the White House spokesman Jay Carney said United States—Russian cooperation was based on mutual interests.

The Obama administration was criticised for having used the chemical weapons deal as an ineffectual substitute for military action that Obama had promised in the event of use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government.

On a personal level, the relationship between Obama and Putin went on to be characterised by an observer in the following way: On December 14, , U.

On December 28, , Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a bill , widely seen as retaliatory, that banned any United States citizen from adopting children from Russia.

President Obama, two Russian Tu Bear strategic bombers , reportedly equipped with nuclear-tipped cruise missiles, circled the U.

At the end of , Russia announced that a rearmament of the Kozelsk , Novosibirsk, Tagil Rocket divisions with advanced RS Yars intercontinental ballistic missiles was going ahead.

In July , the U. In early June , the U. State Department reported that Russia had failed to correct the violation of the I. Edward Snowden , a contractor for the United States government, copied and released hundreds of thousands of pages of secret U.

He fled to Hong Kong, and then to Russia where in July he was granted political asylum. He was wanted on a criminal warrant by U. The granting of asylum further aggravated relations between the two countries and led to the cancellation of a meeting between Obama and Putin that was scheduled for early September in Moscow.

Following the collapse of the Viktor Yanukovych government in Ukraine in February , Russia annexed Crimea on the basis of a controversial referendum held on March 16, At the end of March , U.

In my view, that is a misguided position. I would like to have discussions on a level footing with Russia. This was a big error in assessment.

As unrest spread into eastern Ukraine in the spring of , relations between the U. From March to , six rounds of sanctions were imposed by the US, as well as by the EU, and some other countries allied to the U.

The first three rounds targeted individuals close to Putin by freezing their assets and denying leave to enter.

Russia responded by banning import of certain food products as well as by banning entry for certain government officials from the countries that imposed sanctions against Russia.

Due to the situation concerning Ukraine, relations between Russia and the U. Shortly after the start of the Syrian Civil War in the spring of , the U.

On September 30, , Russia began the air campaign in Syria on the side of the Syrian government headed by president Bashar al-Assad of Syria.

In early October , U. Three weeks into the Russian campaign in Syria, on October 20, , Russian president Vladimir Putin met Bashar Assad in Moscow to discuss their joint military campaign and a future political settlement in Syria, according to the Kremlin report of the event.

While one of the original aims of the Russian leadership may have been normalisation of the relationship with the U.

Bilateral negotiations over Syria were unilaterally suspended by the U. S on October 3, , which was presented as the U. In mid-November , shortly after the election of Donald Trump as the U.

In his address to the Russian parliament delivered on December 1, , Russian president Putin said this of U. Mutual efforts by Russia and the United States in solving global and regional problems are in the interest of the entire world.

In early December , the White House said that President Obama had ordered the intelligence agencies to review evidence of Russian interference in the presidential campaign; Eric Schultz, the deputy White House press secretary, denied the review to be led by Director of National Intelligence James R.

Clapper was meant to be "an effort to challenge the outcome of the election". In mid-December , Hillary Clinton suggested that Putin had a personal grudge against her due to her criticism of the Russian legislative election and his opinion that she was responsible for fomenting the anti-Putin protests in Russia that began in December Also in mid-December, President Obama publicly pledged to retaliate for Russian cyberattacks during the U.

For all the outrage voiced by Democrats and Republicans in the past week about the Russian action — with the notable exception of Mr. Trump, who has dismissed the intelligence findings as politically motivated — it is worth remembering that trying to manipulate elections is a well-honed American art form.

The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year signed into law by president Obama on 23 December , was criticised by the Russian foreign ministry as yet another attempt to "create problems for the incoming Trump administration and complicate its relations on the international stage, as well as to force it to adopt an anti-Russia policy.

At the end of , U. A week after the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, , the U. President Donald Trump had a minute telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin that was hailed by both governments as a step towards improvement of relations between the U.

In early March , the U. On March 25, , the U. The cruise-missile strikes on the Syrian Shayrat Airbase , conducted by the U.

In mid-July , the Russian foreign ministry noted that the staff of the U. Embassy in Moscow , following expulsion of diplomats by the Obama administration in December , far exceeded the number of Russian embassy employees in Washington and indicated that the Russian government was considering retaliatory expulsion of more than thirty-five U.

Russia protested on September 2, , against a search it said U. Although they had no formal meeting they spoke informally several times during the event.

A highly unusual [] unannounced visit to Washington D. Public statements read out by Vladimir Putin on 1 March , days before the presidential election , about missile technology breakthroughs made by Russia, were referred to by the Trump administration officials as largely boastful untruths, as well as confirmation that "Russia ha[d] been developing destabilizing weapons systems for over a decade, in direct violation of its treaty obligations".

Defense Secretary James Mattis remarked that the systems Putin had talked about "[were] still years away" and he did not see them changing the military balance.

In April , US-Russian relations were further exacerbated by missile strikes against the Syrian government targets following the suspected chemical attack in Douma on 7 April.

On June 8, , Trump called for Russia to be readmitted to the G-7 , from which it was expelled after the Russian annexation of Crimea in Congress and a number of former senior intelligence officials as well as some ranking members of the Republican party for appearing to have sided with Putin rather than accepting the findings of Russian interference in the presidential election issued by the United States Intelligence Community.

A poll by the University of Maryland, College Park , released early July found that only 2 percent of Russians had "a lot of confidence" that U.

Prior to , the Russian press expressed varying opinions of Russia—United States relations. The opinion polls taken by the independent Levada Center in January , [] showed 81 percent of Russians tended to hold negative views of the U.

The most negative view of Russia was at 19 percent in , and the most positive view at 49 percent in and US public opinion regarding Russia has changed substantially over the past 25 years.

There has also been a change in whether the Americans views Russia as an ally or a threat. Seventy-eight percent of Russians polled said the United States meddles "a great deal" or "a fair amount" in Russian politics, compared to 69 percent of Americans who say the same about Russian interference in U.

The poll found that 31 percent of Russians said Moscow tried to influence U. Only 31 percent of Americans say they hold a positive view of Russia, and 24 percent of Russians say the same of the United States.

Eighty-one percent of Russians said they felt the United States was working to undermine Russia on the world stage; 77 percent of Americans said the same of Russia.

The timeline covers key events, to present. Along with the renewal, NASA also announced that they would be cutting some contacts with Russia after the annexation of Crimea.

Congress voted to repeal the Jackson—Vanik amendment on November 16, Bush and Boris Yeltsin. The United States and Russia have conducted joint military maneuvers, training and counter-terrorist exercises in Germany.

This was done in hopes to strengthen relations with the United States and Russia. As of August , the U. NATO and Russia agreed to cooperate on security issues at the Rome summit and had been gradually improving relations.

Russia has also agreed to provide logistic support for the United States forces in Afghanistan to aid in anti-terrorist operations. Russia has allowed U.

Bush with Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Bush with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Bush with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Russian Empire—United States relations. Soviet Union—United States relations. Russian reset and Obama—Medvedev Commission. Ukrainian crisis , Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation , and International sanctions during the Ukrainian crisis.

Russian military intervention in Syria. Russian involvement in the Syrian Civil War. Russian interference in the United States elections. This section needs expansion.

You can help by adding to it. International sanctions during the —15 Ukrainian crisis. Russia portal United States portal International relations portal.

Отношения с Америкой расстроились по сирийскому вопросу Вы вспомните, что происходило вокруг Югославии. Оттуда всё и началось, я ещё и президентом не был.

Я, что ли, развернул самолёт над Атлантикой? The Russian Federation — Russia is a democratic federative law-governed state with a republican form of government.

The names Russian Federation and Russia are equivalent. Retrieved July 28, The Voice of Russia.

Russia Usa Video

A Bridge Between the USA and Russia

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